Guidance Services

Guidance and Counseling
Concept that institutions, especially schools, should promote the efficient and happy lives of individuals by helping them adjust to social realities. The disruption of community and family life by industrial civilization convinced many that guidance experts should be trained to handle problems of individual adjustment. Though the need for attention to the whole individual had been recognized by educators since the time of Socrates, it was only during the 20th cent. that researchers actually began to study and accumulate information about guidance.

Modern high school guidance programs also include academic counseling for those students planning to attend college. In recent years, school guidance counselors have also been recognized as the primary source for psychological counseling for high school students; this sometimes includes counseling in such areas as drug abuse and teenage pregnancy and referrals to other professionals (e.g., psychologists, social workers, and learning-disability specialists). Virtually all teachers colleges offer major courses in guidance, and graduate schools of education grant advanced degrees in the field.

Guidance and school counselors help students work through emotional turmoil, navigate social conflicts, and make decisions about possible career and educational tracks. While some college counselors work at colleges and universities, guidance and school counselors work in public, private, vocational, charter, and special-education schools at the elementary, middle, and secondary levels. Counselors meet one-on-one and with groups of students and parents to work out solutions to problems and provide students with life skills, such as resume writing and college-application completion, necessary to succeed academically and in the world.

Some guidance and school counselors have social work backgrounds, though most study in guidance and school counseling programs offered through universities’ education and psychology departments. As with social work programs, field work and supervised practicum are large parts of guidance and school counseling programs.




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Sunday, October 3, 2010

Current Trends and Issues in Guidance and Counseling

Overview of Teen Pregnancy

Teen pregnancy is an important issue. There are health risks for the baby and children born to teenage mothers are more likely to suffer health, social, and emotional problems. Women who become pregnant during their teens have an increased risk for complications, such as premature labor and socioeconomic consequences as well.
Declining teen pregnancy rates are thought to be attributed to more effective birth control practice and decreased sexual activity among teens. The most dramatic reduction in teen pregnancy—23%—has occurred among African American teenagers.
Still, teenage pregnancy rates remain high and approximately 1 million teenage girls become pregnant each year in the United States. About 13% of U.S. births involve teen mothers and about 25% of teenage girls who give birth have another baby within 2 years. To lower teen pregnancy rates, older children must be educated about sex and about the consequences of pregnancy.

Other Consequences of Teen Pregnancy


  • Teenage births are associated with lower annual income for the mother. Eighty percent of teen mothers must rely on welfare at some point.
  • Teenage mothers are more likely to drop out of school. Only about one-third of teen mothers obtain a high school diploma.
  • Teenage pregnancies are associated with increased rates of alcohol and substance abuse, lower educational level, and reduced earning potential in teen fathers.
  • In the United States, the annual cost of teen pregnancies from lost tax revenues, public assistance, child health care, foster care, and involvement with the criminal justice system is estimated to be about $7 billion.

10 Ways Teachers Can Help Prevent School Violence

Ways to Prevent School Violence

By , About.com Guide
School violence is a concern for many new and veteran teachers. One factor that was revealed in the Columbine massacre along with other events of school violence is that in most instances other students knew something about the plans. We as teachers need to try and tap into this and other resources at our disposal to try and prevent acts of violence within our schools.

1. Take Responsibility Both Inside Your Classroom and Beyond

While most teachers feel that what happens in their classroom is their responsibility, less take the time to involve themselves in what goes on outside of their classroom. In between classes, you should be at your door monitoring the halls. Keep your eyes and ears open. This is a time for you to learn a lot about your and other students. Make sure that you are enforcing school policy at this time, even though this can sometimes be difficult. If you hear a group of students cursing or teasing another student, say or do something. Do not turn a blind eye or you are tacitly approving of their behavior.

2. Don't Allow Prejudice or Stereotypes in Your Classroom

Set this policy on the first day. Come down hard on students who say prejudicial comments or use stereotypes when talking about people or groups. Make it clear that they are to leave all of that outside the classroom, and it is to be a safe place for discussions and thought.

3. Listen to "Idle" Chatter

Whenever there is "downtime" in your classroom, and students are just chatting, make it a point to listen in. Students do not have and should not expect a right to privacy in your classroom. As stated in the introduction, other students knew at least something about what the two students were planning at Columbine. If you hear something that puts up a red flag, jot it down and bring it to your administrator's attention.

4. Get Involved With Student-Led Anti-Violence Organizations

If your school has such a program, join in and help. Become the club sponsor or help facilitate programs and fundraisers. If your school does not, investigate and help create one. Getting students involved can be a huge factor in helping prevent violence. Examples of different programs include peer education, mediation, and mentoring.

5. Educate Yourself on Danger Signs

There are typically many warning signs that show up before actual acts of school violence occur. Some of these include:
  • Sudden lack of interest
  • Obsessions with violent games
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Writing that shows despair and isolation
  • Lack of anger management skills
  • Talking about death or bringing weapons to school
  • Violence towards animals
A study of the individuals who have committed acts of school violence were found to have both depression and suicidal tendencies. The combination of these two symptoms can have terrible effects.

6. Discuss Violence Prevention With Students

If school violence is being discussed in the news, this is a great time to bring it up in class. You can mention the warning signs and talk to students about what they should do if they know someone has a weapon or is planning violent acts. Combating school violence should be a combined effort with students, parents, teachers, and administrators.

7. Encourage Students to Talk About Violence

Be open to student conversations. Make yourself available and let students know that they can talk with you about their concerns and fears about school violence. Keeping these lines of communication open is essential to violence prevention.

8. Teach Conflict Resolution and Anger Management Skills

Use teachable moments to help teach conflict resolution. If you have students disagreeing in your classroom, talk about ways that they can resolve their problems without resorting to violence. Further, teach students ways to manage their anger. One of my best teaching experiences dealt with this. I allowed a student who had anger management issues the ability to "cool off" when necessary. The ironic thing was that after he had the ability to remove himself for a few moments, he never did. In the same way, teach students to give themselves a few moments before reacting violently.
 

9. Get Parents Involved

Just as with students, keeping lines of communication open with parents is very important. The more that you call parents and talk with them, the more likely it is that when a concern arises you can effectively deal with it together.

10. Take Part in School Wide Initiatives

Serve on the committee that helps develop how school staff should deal with emergencies. By being actively involved, you can assist with the creation of prevention programs and teacher trainings. These should not only help teachers become aware of warning signs but also provide them with specific directions on what to do about them. Creating effective plans that all staff members understand and follow is one key to help prevent school violence.
 

1 comment:

  1. Here are some ways for teachers to prevent school violence... Hope you learn from this..

    ReplyDelete

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